National Geographic Society

Annotated Bibliography

Adolphs, Ralph. “The Biology of Fear.” Advances in Pediatrics., U.S. National Library of Medicine, 21 Jan. 2013, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3595162/.\

This article urges a functional concept of fear, defining this emotion in terms of being caused by patterns of threat-related stimuli, and in turn causing patterns of adaptive behaviors to avoid or cope with that threat. Ralph Adolphs obtained his Ph.D. at Caltech in 1993, subsequently conducted postdoctoral work with Antonio Damasio in lesion patients, and has been on the faculty at Caltech since 2004.

“Idi Amin.” Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, 28 Apr. 2017, www.biography.com/people/idi-amin-9183487.

This article is the biography of the Ugandan dictator Idi Amin. It supplies a brief timeline of the rise and fall of Idi Amin’s career. This is a free, authoritative, reference site that provides biographies of famous people.

Interview with William Golding - Tripod.com. James Keating, 10 May 1962, www.bing.com/cr?IG=5DD72500807E440B8FF60CF94DDC603A&CID=186310FBE03367DD239A1B1DE1636689&rd=1&h=tRih98dRTeG8jADR3aIG3mF4wuCgCCj3b1nB0dnsKMI&v=1&r=http://members.tripod.com/wramos_links/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/interviewwithwilliamgolding.doc&p=DevEx.LB.1,5255.1

This interview is with William Goldings, he discusses the importance and reasoning for writing the novel Lord of the Flies. The interviewer James Keating has a B.A., English, Creative Writing, he has won literary awards in Activities and Societies: Editor in Chief, Bard (literary magazine); Initiated and was Editor in Chief of the International Student Orientation Guide; Editor, Scope.

INTRODUCTION TO THE HOLOCAUST - United Nations. US Holocaust Memorial Museum, www.bing.com/cr?IG=C54734B0823D4EFBAB445F46797D3E1F&CID=307996C6196267D006949D2A18CD6652&rd=1&h=3f0I9yk6VGOZdbTYFBfiRjv_lZgWCV2uETezrSWGaQ&v=1&r=http://www.un.org/en/holocaustremembrance/PDF/Introduction to the Holocaust.pdf&p=DevEx.LB.1,5637.1.\

This article describes the regime of Adolf Hitler who was the leader of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. He initiated fascist policies that led to World War II and the deaths of at least 11 million people, including the mass murder of an estimated 6 million Jews. This website is reliable because UNdata is a service provided by the United Nations to users of statistical data around the world. It provides easy access to data compiled and produced by UN agencies as well as other international agencies.

Möbius, Torben. “World War II Aerial Bombings of Germany: Fear as Subject of National Socialist Governmental Practices, by Torben Möbius.” Storicamente, 11 Jan. 2016, storicamente.org/moebius_bombing_fear_germany.

This paper summits how the National Socialist regime in Germany created the ostensible protection of oneself (Selbstschutz) in civil air defense as an apparatus of society (Michel Foucault) instructed the German population regarding the new possibility of aerial bombing. Mechanisms, functions of psychological control and their relationship to concrete practices of the people involved are shown alongside a local example. Regarding the spread and development of fears, this article maintains that practices of (Selbstschutz) brought together the temporal gap between the future expectations and actual experiences which had been at a crucial stage Before the war, (Selbstschutz) followed his own logic of expectation of danger and risk, as exemplified in aerial-defense simulation exercises & skirmish with the reality of bombs falling on German cities. Mobius Torben has a Masters degree in History from the University of Bielefeld and is mainly known for his role in the 9th BGHS Annual Seminar “Grappling with the Global: The Challenge of Boundaries in History and Sociology” lecture.

Iona, Heath. “Life and Death: The Politics of Fear.” BMJ: British Medical Journal, 5 Mar. 2011, www.bmj.com/content/bmj/342/7796/Observations.full.pdf.

This article explores the idea that politicians use fear as a tool to govern a society. Iona uses the 9/11 attack on the World Trade Center, and the invasion of American troops into Iraq to back her claims. Iona Heath is president of Royal College of General Practitioners and writes in the BMJ in her personal capacity.

National Geographic Society. “A History of Slavery in the United States.” National Geographic Society, 4 May 2017, www.nationalgeographic.org/interactive/slavery-united-states/.

This article explains Slavery in North America starting in the 1600s, many Africans were enslaved and brought to North America. They were sold to colonists and forced to work without pay. Slavery was legal in all 13 colonies, but it was more common on southern plantations. The rights of enslaved people were not recognized. They had to work in harsh conditions often beginning in childhood, and if resistance occurred slave masters resorted to violent acts such as hangings and whippings to use as examples to the others. Slave labor that was vital for the economic success of America. The National Geographic Society has been published continuously since its first issue in 1888. It primarily contains articles about geography, history, and world culture through extensive research.

“William Golding.” Encyclopedia of World Biography, www.notablebiographies.com/Gi-He/Golding-William.html.

This website gives a detailed description about the life of William Golding It entails basic facts, such as childhood, education, career, relationships, family, and death. This site is an encyclopedia for biographies, the editors gather information using multiple sources making its research credible.