Brave New World
In the book The Brave New World, Aldous Huxley focuses on responding to certain
forms of dictatorship around the world resulting from, economic necessity, social chaos and
global warfare (Bagdikian 13). As such, the manipulation of the masses can appear in many
forms in the society which leaves individuality at a compromised position. The author doesn’t
address any new idea since society has yoked people into various forms of conformity since time
immemorial. Instead, he aims at analyzing the mechanisms which systems that represent the
minority used to rule over the majority. As such, the novel addresses the reality of the society
which can be seen as the prophecy of technology eventually dominating over young adults in
society. On the other hand, the society depicted in The Giver by Lowry is a utopian one that is
perfectly envisioned by its creators. As such, it eliminates fear, hunger, illness, pain, and hatred.
However, in order to maintain peace, the citizens are made to submit to very strict rules that
govern their relationships, language, and behaviors. The society is also forced to suppress the
feelings of human passions and individual freedom as well as conflict and pain that the emotions
and human choice cause. The author also tackles issues that are prevalent among younger adults
such as pro-life versus anti-abortion debates. Up to dates, this topic gives rise to different
responses among young adults (Stewart 29). As such, both novels address the topics that are
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prevalent among young adults in the society and how young characters in the stories rise up to
defy societies’ unfavorable barriers.
There are various characters in The Brave New World. John is the son of Linda and the
Director. He is one of the main characters to grow up outside the society’s World State. As a
consummate outsider, John spends his life away from his village in the New Mexico Savage
Reservation. As such, he finds it difficult to fit into the World State society. On the other hand,
Bernard Marx is an Alpha male who also doesn’t fit in due to his inferior physical stature.
Moreover, he maintains unorthodox sexual beliefs regarding relationships, community events,
and sports. All these are attractive topics among young adults. Due to his insecurity regarding his
status and size, feels disconnected with the World State.
As such, he portrays a character of a petty and cruel man. John and Bernard can both be
viewed as protagonists in the novel. Bernard suffers to fit in the community and becomes John’s
mentor. During one of the classes, the Controller says “No civilization without social stability.
No social stability without individual stability” (Huxley 48). In this case, Bernard can be viewed
as the one who isn’t individually stable. As such, he represents the way that a person can be
disconnected from society after failing to follow its way of life.
Helmholtz Watson is an Alpha lecturer attached at the College of Emotional
Engineering. However, he feels that his work is meaningless and empty and therefore seeks to
use his writing skills for something valuable to him. He is friends with Bernard because they
share a common discontentment with the World State. They both represent the feeling of being a
misfit which is common among the youth. Lenina Crowne is a vocational worker attached at the
Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Center. She is desired by a majority of the characters
in the novel. The readers also find her attractive due to her intriguingly unorthodox nature. Her
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main means of relating with other characters is through sex. This behavior is not strange in
today’s society owing to moral compromise especially among younger adults.
Mustapha Mond is the Resident controller of Western Europe. He used to be a young
ambitious scientist who performed illicit research. He later chose to become a World Controller
and forgo science. As such, Mustapha represents the young adults who are forced to make tough
career choices in their lives. Moreover, he keeps a forbidden collection of literature including
religious writing and Shakespeare. The tendency of keeping secret materials is also common
among young adults in the current society. Fanny Crowne is Lenina’s friend. She is the main
voice of conventional values in the novel. She specifically warms Lenina to have more men at a
time as it looks bad for her to concentrate on only one man for a long period of time. The
behavior of dating more than one partner at a time is unfortunate but still very common among
many young adults today.
Henry Foster is among the many lovers that Lenina has. Moreover, he casually
discusses Lenina’s body with his coworkers as is still common among many young men in the
current world. Bernard eventually becomes jealous due to Henry’s success with Lenina as well
as his casual attitude. Linda is John’s and Beta’s mother. She becomes pregnant with the
Director’s son after she visits the New Mexico Savage Reservation. She then becomes too
ashamed to get back to the World State with a baby. She consequently becomes an outcast. The
topic of pregnancy among unmarried women is still prevalent in today’s world. Unfortunately,
many young adults are still subjected to the same stigma that Linda went through.
One of the main themes in the novel is the utilization of technology with an aim of
controlling society (Bélanger 9). The novel warns of the impending dangers that would result in
the state’s control over powerful and new technology. This theme is significant to today’s world
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owing to the fact that young adults are consumed by technology. A good example is the
application of technology to control reproduction through the surgical removal of ovaries. Soma
is yet another example of the psychological, biological and medical technologies which is
sharply criticized by the Brave New World. The young people in the current world could relate
to the novel as they are aware of the full extent of technology’s influence in the day to day
The theme of a consumer society is also a prevalent aspect of the society. The individual
characters’ happiness is based on their ability to satisfy their needs as well as the society’s
economic prosperity and growth. This is actually one of the driving forces and sources of
motivation among younger adults in today’s world. Moreover, the novel is made up of characters
that focus their attention on avoiding the truth about their personal situations. John insists on
viewing Lenina through Shakespeare’s perspective. Moreover, Mustapha believes that the World
States sets it priorities on happiness while neglecting the truth by design. Being a young man, he
believes that people are at a better place with happiness rather than with truth. Mond believes
that happiness is based on drugs, food, clothes, sex and other consumer items. Unfortunately,
most young adults also base their perception of happiness on these materials.
Lowry’s willingness and ability to tackle such issues in The Giver has made her book one
of the most censored books in school curricula and libraries. In this regard, some parents are
upset and enraged by the book’s description of violence and sexuality. As such, they feel that
their young adult children are unable and unprepared to issues such as suicide and euthanasia.
This aspect is ironic as the citizen is the novel’s character attempt to keep their children safe
from and ignorant of pain, sex, and violence, both psychologically and physically (Latham 139).
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Jonas is an eleven-year- old protagonist in the novel. He is an intelligent and strange
young man with unique powers of perception that he fails to understand. When he turns twelve,
he is selected as the new Receiver of Memory in the community. Even as a young adult, he is
thoughtful and explains his concern for his family and friends (Roozeboom 3). As such, he
believes that it is nice to be close to others. As a young man, Jonas seems to know the value of
friendship and relationships. After the beginning of his training, he becomes aware of beautiful
colors and strong emotions that make him passionate about his world. Regardless, he remains to
be a thoughtful and level-headed young man.
Lily is Jonas’ seven-year- old sister. She is described as a talker who is unable to keep
silent. However, even at a young age, she is excessively practical and well-informed for her age.
Additionally, Asher is Jonas’ best friend who speaks too fast. He is also a fun-loving, hasty
bright young man who is named as the position of Assistant Director of Recreation. Fiona is also
Jonas’ friend who works as Caretaker of the old. She is characterized as a patient and mild-
mannered lady (Latham 7). The author, therefore, uses young adults extensively in the
development of his novel.
All the characters in the novel seem organized and responsible. They are tasked with
various tasks that make them the heroes in the novel (Hintz 263). Regardless, they take up their
responsibilities with bravely which is outstanding for young adults. Jonas was not informed of
the truth regarding his community until he begins his training. Later, he views a video of a father
killing a newborn twin. Consequently, his entire world collapses. After knowing the truth about
his community’s secrets, Jonas is courageous enough to face his mother and father again.
He is surprised that the community he had believed to be perfect was indeed full of
monsters. The Giver explains to him that the citizens don’t know any better “Listen to me, Jonas.
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They can’t help it. They know nothing” (Lowry 104). In turn, Jonas decides to do everything in
his power to help the people return their memories when he says “I think they can and that they
will acquire some wisdom” (Lowry 106). Jonas portrays courage and determination through
resourcefulness. He maintains a calm nature and bravery throughout the journey to save Gabriel.
In the entire novel, Jonas displays numerous heroic traits regardless of the fact that he is a young
man. He is brave, determined and resourceful. If he hadn’t been strong, both he and Gabriel
would have died. As such, he is portrayed as a protagonist in the novel due to his heroic traits.
This is regardless of the fact that he is a relatively young man in the novel.
In both novels, the young characters take up a brave role in bringing change in the
society. More specifically, Jonas in defies societal norms and practices without the fear of being
cast out from society (Davis 14). In The Giver, Jonas faces his father and mother after learning
about his community’s practices during training. Both novels illustrate the character's bravery as
they showcase the many issues that young adults face in a bid to fit in society. Moreover, The
Brave New World illustrates the theme of sexuality and morality while The Giver showcases the
importance of individuality which is a common topic among the youth. As such, the authors use
themes and characters that relate to young people and eventually show how they are able to rise
against societal limitations and norms to become protagonists in the stories.