Emil Fischer

Abstract

Hermann Emil Fischer was a significant German chemist.He was alive during World War 1. Fischer’s country holds the strongest position from the start of the war.In 1911, He took a part of organizing the production of chemicals in Germany throughout the war. (Ramberg, n.d) Later on Germany ended up signing the armistice. Before the war started, Emil Fischer won his first noble prize in 1902, from working under the University of Berlin. According to Noble Media AB (2014), “Fischer’s prize motivation was ‘in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by his work on sugar and purine syntheses.’” Even in today’s world, Emil Fischer is recognized for his extraordinary work that other scientist found it useful in the world of science.

Emil Fischer was famous for being the first person to isolate Caffeine. (Anderson, 2013) Not only he found caffeine but he also found a base called “purine”. (Science History Insitute, 2017) Emil Fischer‘s major contributions to the field was that he created a way of finding the molecule’s structure of sugars. By producing a substance called phenyl hydrazine, a base that helps reveals sugar molecules structure.(Noble Media, 2014) These structures are guanine and adenine which hides along the nitrogen bases of the nucleic acids. Today they become the bases of a DNA structure.(Famous Scientists, 2015)

The works of Emil Fischer’s discovery affects human life even today.He showed that caffeine was found in tea and coffee. But most importantly he found its precise structure formula. (Caffeine, n.d) He also synthesized other types of hydrazine that would become useful in the dye making industry. These dyes are used to label carbohydrates molecules. (Famous Scientists, 2015) In the modern pharamacy industries, they used Fischer’s syntheses of the barbiturates. Barbiturates are sleeping drugs use by doctors. (Famous Scientist, 2015) This shows how Fischer’s work helped lead to ways that affect the human life in today’s world.

Emil Fischer interests in chemistry was influenced by many other scientists, including Adolf von Baeyer.When Fischer transferred to the University of Strasbourg, he began working as an assistant for Adolf Baeyer. While working for Baeyer, Fischer began to his experiment on dyestuff. In 1874, he received his doctorate. Later on Fischer worked with his cousin Otto Fischer on demonstrating how rosaniline and related dyes were derivatives, based on another source to triphenylmethane which is a colorless, crystalline, solid compound containing three benzene rings. (Famous Scientists, 2015) From these dyes experiments, Emil Fischer became a well-known organic chemist.

The scientific community during Emil Fischer’s life period became fascinated by his work. The sleeping drug barbiturates was used in animals’ research. There Fischer also discovered another use of drug called phenobarbital. This kind of drug was used to treat heart attacks. From this, many industries pursued Fischer on working for them but Fischer denied their offer. (SHI, 2017) Also many universities wanted Emil Fischer to work as a professor but Emil choose to be a director of the chemical institutes at the Universities of Erlangen and Wurzburg. (Ramberg, n.d) This shows how Emil Fischer was found important to the field of science.

Emil Fischer was not just a German chemist but he had experience another enterprise. His father Luarenz Fischer, owned a family business and it was passed down to Emil Fischer. Eventually his Father realized that Emil wasn’t made to be a businessman because Emil was not interested. Emil Fischer had other interests too. He was interested in studying the natural sciences and physics. After some time, Adolf von Baeyer pulled Emil Fischer into the field of organic chemistry. (Noble Media, 2014) This is how Emil Fischer became one of the well-known scientist in contributing towards organic chemistry throughout history.