The tragedy is one of the obvious criteria used in the production of a play.Aristotle and Sophocles are two great authors who explore relevant facts which relate to the concept of a tragic hero. Sophocles' Oedipus distinguishes the tragic drama and the elements that compose it. Sophocles' Oedipus exemplifies the definition of a tragic hero in accordance to Aristotle through the evaluation of the play outline, heroic downfall, Oedipus traits in a relation of those of a tragic hero and the reasons of his fortune reversal.
Following Aristotle's tragedy definition, a tragic hero must be a good person through the person tends to face tragic flaws. The tragedy also involves the change of fortune from good to bad following the great errors occurring from the actions committed by the protagonist. There are characteristics and rules that determine the heroic tragedy (White, 2012, p. 678). For instance, generosity is the common characteristic that determines the concept of the tragic hero as the protagonist must be noble or rather in the bloodline of noble. Heroic efforts are also the actions that are connected to the concept of the tragic hero. Additionally, there is a tragic mistake though it does not result in the death of a hero. Oedipus represents a tragic mistake due to his pride character which led to him losing his temper and killing. In addition, the tragic hero drama outline, according to Aristotle, has the beginning which describes the main hero in the play to the audience. The format also contains the middle session which describes sessions of the life of the hero and connects the start and endings of the drama outline. The drama also has the ending session which unfolds on how the story began.
The concept of the tragic hero describes the human condition projecting from the mortals that arise as a result of the heroic acts committed leading to incidences such as the downfall of the protagonist. For instance, according to Sophocles, he represented Oedipus' noble intention of saving the people of Thebes without considering the consequences of revealing the truth following the death of Laius. The search for justice for that death was the cause of the protagonist's misery and suffering (Haidt, & Graham, 2007, p. 987). Additionally, the protagonist suffering is caused by the woes, the murder of his father and the incest incident between Jocasta mother and King Laius which represent the tragedy that faces the hero. The research paper involves a serious great tragedy drama in relation to Aristotle poetics in comparison with the Sophocles' Oedipus story which is examined to be classified in the category of tragic hero.
In the Sophocles Oedipus' drama, the heroes that are involved in issues that are related to irreconcilable contradictions which hinder them from reaching their destination. The poetics of Aristotle consistently argue that the tragic hero is the perceived agent of the tragedy action. Aristotle defines the concept of the tragic hero as a conqueror who is considered superior on a pedestal, considered to possess great virtue and unintentionally descend from his high position to a relatively lower position (Austin, 2008, p. 1020). The descending of the hero from a high position to lower depths tend to be the cause of pity to the hero from other characters as well as the audience of the play. Aristotle as well fails to consider tragic hero as a character who experiences faultless justice and misfortunes due to the wicked actions that are committed by the protagonists, but rather the adversities occurring from miscalculations.
On the other hand, the tragic concept represented in the Sophocles Oedipus play and tagged the tragic flaw. In this case, Oedipus, who is allegedly the protagonist is destroyed by the defect infringed by excess pride. He then decides to discover what his past life entails as it was stressed and is determined to discover the people responsible for the murder of Lauis. However, the information provided by the prophet regarding the assassination of Lauis does not impress him and he perceives it as a plot to throw him out of the throne. Creon is discovered to be the murderer of his own father and he eventually marries his own mother. The intrinsic character of the hero determines his actions. However, the tragic fault allegedly confuses intent with the result thus controverting the previous follow up of justice concepts. The protagonist is however claimed to be routinely blemished thus the personality of deep and inner unfitness for canon gets him down. Following this assassination of the protagonist's predecessor, Oedipus' eyes are gouged out and he is cast out. Additionally, Oedipus believes to be superior to the gods hence his capability of surpassing the destiny pronounced by the vision that is developed by Apollo thus Oedipus' actions comes because of his undue conceit. For the approval of the Oedipus tragic flaw model, from the rhetorical view, the protagonists consistently claim supremacy over the gods and despises the routine of pledging them to make our health certain. However, this contradicts the moral standards that are meant to be abided to in the past civilization.
The protagonist eventually discovers that the actions he committed are the reasons for his fortune downfall and reversal. Normally, the tragedies are meant to befall the central character of a play, thus Oedipus allegedly inclines from a high fortune position to a cast out and a tragic victim (Hyers, 2017, p. 1245). The hero's destiny is diverted due to the activities are undertaken and the actions committed, and his downfall stirs pity to the audience as well as the fellow characters. The tragedy that befalls Oedipus is an example of a tragic hero as he descends from a highly esteemed position to a lower misfortune state.The conqueror, however, suffers reversal which, as defined by Aristotle is the core of tragedy. Due to Oedipus hamartia condition, his fortune is automatically reversed thus termed a tragic hero. The fortune reversal being the main aspect of the tragic hero, Sophocles clearly exemplifies the definition of tragic hero as defined by Aristotle.Additionally, Aristotle perceives the fortune reversal to be the main facet that stirs the fear and pity of the audience that is involved in the play thus they pitied Oedipus following the tragic events.