Important Reason William Faulkner
“A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man,” is written by James Joyce and is partly of his own life growing up. The novel goes in chronological order through the life of the main character, Stephen Dedalus. Stephen struggles against authority and religious doctrine to produce his own philosophies on life.Stephen not only is battling against his beliefs on God, but mostly finding himself in the world. He’s an artist because of the process he goes through to achieve the outcome. An artist in this particular book is someone who makes sacrifices.
James Joyce in his novel “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man” says “The object of the artist is the creation of the beautiful.” (Joyce 134) Women play an important role in Stephen’s perception of creation.Women throughout the novel that shape Stephen into the man he finds himself becoming toward the end. The novel begins with a beautiful love between a mother and son. At a very young age the artist is already beginning to form because of women, he is beginning to see beauty through the senses. “His mother put her lips on his cheek; her lips were soft and they wetted his cheek; and they made a tiny little noise: kiss.”(Joyce 7)Stephen’s mother, Mary Dedalus, throughout the novel helps in teaching him right and wrong what is to be expected, but also displays what it feels like to be loved unconditionally.
Soul and body acts a great part in Stephen’s life during childhood and adolescence. As a child, Stephen is more aware of his senses and interprets them with seriousness. It leads him to understand the world and to keep onto memories. Body and soul are connected for Stephen as a child.Stephen didn’t really have the best social skills, because he preferred to get lost in his thoughts and daydreams. His body was present when he interacted with others, but his soul communicates with itself. Stephen’s religious back ground also impacts the gap between the soul and body. He tries to control his body and lift his soul through religious practice, but fails leave any mark on his inner life.Stephen is on a search to find an aesthetic of his own. He needed to become the portrait itself. A portrait doesn’t put their thoughts over feelings.
Stream of consciousness is a narrative technique that shows the thought patterns of characters.Stream of consciousness is the continuous flow of perceptions, thoughts, feelings and memories, in the human mind. In the beginning of the book it describes Stephen’s experiences as a baby, which represents the thoughts of an infant, and their baby talk to an infant.“Once upon a time and a very good time it was there was a moocow coming down along the road and this moocow…His father told him that story: his father looked at him through a glass: he had a hairy face. (Joyce7 ) Through the artistic use of the stream of consciousness, Joyce uncovers Stephen's interior world. The readers are allowed how to feel or react, but can’t side the outside view of the narrative. Joyce chooses to begin with his Stephen Dedalus’ childhood, making a use of stream of consciousness. Watching the process of Stephen’s mind show mental processes, how things trigger mental pictures, and how impressions from the outer world are obtained by his consciousness and how external reality is in his vision.
In the book “As I lay Dying”, William Faulnker uses the technique of interior monologue which allows the reader to experience the story from more than one person’s view point.The thoughts of Darl Bundren allow the reader to understand what is happening within the family, although Anse Bundren allows the reader to get a different perspective on the family. Another important reason William Faulkner uses the different points of view is to enforce the theme of existence as a motionless and meaningless cycle. One can’t escape the cycle of life because death is inevitable. People can facilitate the cycle of creating life, but in creating life they are creating death. Life leads to death. The reason one of the themes is meaningless it’s because existence can be viewed as meaningless.
Faulkner uses stream of consciousness in many of the sections of the novel. Faulkner focuses on character’s unconscious mind. The narrators of “As I Lay Dying” have their own identities, each with his own self-centered demands and obsessions. Although they are family members or neighbors participating in the funeral ritual, each appears to be closed off in his or her own secret and selfish thought and hardly able to communicate with the others.
What’s important in this book is that William Faulkner rediscovers southernism not despite modernist art, but through it accomplishes in meshing his own “local” art.