Investigating Social Realistic Perspective In The Novel The Wandering Falcon” By Jamil Ahmed.

Statement of the problem:

This research deals withSocial realistic perspectives. The researcher will focus on the culture andtreatment of the women in Pakistani tribal areas. Jamil Ahmed is well-known Pakistani novelist who tried to highlight the social, economic and gender issues in his writings. Themain focus of the novel is Social realistic study of the novel “ The Wandering Falcon”. It express the culture oftribal areas and represents the situation ofwoman in tribal areas.


Social Realism involves individual, social and cultural changes in all the spheres of life with their intricacies, and nuances: facts relating to family, the class, the marriage, the school, the politics, the inter-relation, economy, morality, religion, and educational standards. It relates more to social readjustments and social maladjustments such as unemployment, youth unrest, industrial indiscipline, crime, war and their causes and consequence. Social Realism means the representationof social reality as it is in literature; there should be a point one to one connection among the society depicted in literature and the real actual society.

Eighty-year-old Pakistani civil servant Jamil Ahmad has, by an unlikely series of events, become a literary star.He was born in 1931 in Punjab and joined the Pakistani civil service in 1951 -- having lived through the tumult of the creation of Pakistan out of Islamic regions of northern India. His sense of adventure led him to ask to be assigned to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, the remote area where Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan meet, and he came to love the isolated tribes and their disappearing lifestyle.

With this novel, Ahmad has followed Mark Twain's advice to write what he knows. And what he knows is all the more fiction-worthy for his lived experience among these hardy people, much feared and little known. Learning of this land, rich in natural beauty and governed by ancient custom and internecine rivalry, appears to have been a lifetime's work for Ahmad. The region itself now becomes the tragic protagonist of this highlyaccomplished first novel, revealing both its intractably obstinate character and the fortunes of the people it crushes in its indefatigable battle against modernity.

Literature Review:

The researcherdeveloped his ideas of social realism by considering the thoughts and models of realism of George Eliot and Mulk Raj Anand, the views of William Dean Howells, and definitions of social realism in the encyclopedia and dictionaries. Social realism is not a new concept or contemporary phenomenon. The writings of Balzac, Charles Dickens, George Eliot, Mulk Raj Anand, Raja Rao, Henrik Ibsen and G. B. Shaw are the good and very famous examples of Social Realism in literature. The term ‘Social Realism’ consists of two important words- Social and Realism. “Social” is an umbrella term that covers the social, political, religious, economical and cultural life of the human beings and “Realism” refers to the manner of presenting the life as it is. Howell describes realism is neither more nor less than the truthful presentation of the.

Traditionsfor centuries,violent and striking create a rigid structure for life in the wild, astonishing place where Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan meet—the Federally Administered Tribal Lands (FATA). The people who live there are persistently subjected to extremes— of geography and of culture.

The Wandering Falcon begins with a young couple, refugees from their tribe, who travelled to the middle of nowhere to escape the cruel punishments meted upon those who transgress the boundaries of marriage and family. Their son, Tor Baz, descended from both chiefs and outlaws, becomes “The Wandering Falcon,” the main character who travels throughout the tribes, over the mountains and the plains, in the towns and tents that comprise the homes of the tribal people.

Jamil Ahmadwritten an unforgettable story of a world of custom and compassion, of love and cruelty, of hardship and survival, a place fragile, unknown, and unforgiving.

Research Questions:

  1. What kind of Social Realistic perspectives does Jamil Ahmed present in his novel Wandering Falcon?

  2. How does Jamil Ahmed depicts the treatment of women in his novel Wandering Falcon?

Research Objectives:

The research is intended to answer to answer the given questions

o To Illustrate the culturalaspects’of tribal areas.

o To investigate the position of woman in Tribal areas.

Significance of study:

The research is proposed to interrogatethe concept of social realism in literature. It is also aimed to highlight the tribal culture and the treatment of women in tribal community with reference to Jamil Ahmad’s novel The Wandering Falcon. This research will also help to understand the rules and conditions of tribal society.

Research Methodology:

In order to interrogate the social Realistic perspective the research will rely and observe the different aspects of Tribal society and its conditions of living.The text of the novel will be analyzed by many characters in different situations created by the writer.In order to tackle the issue, the study will be qualitative and descriptive descriptive in nature.

Along with analysis of the text of “The Wandering Falcon” other helping material like reviews of different scholars, interviews and biographies of the author will be observed.. The research will depend upon textual analysis in this regard. Further, the researcher will evaluate the texts by keeping in view the critical Social realistic theory.

Chapter Division

  1. Introduction

  2. Literature Review

  3. Research Methodology

  4. Social Realistic Aspects in ‘The wandering Falcon’

  5. Conclusion


• Ahmad, Jamil. The Wandering Falcon New York. Riverhead Books, 2011. Print.



• New Standard Encyclopedia (Chicago: 1980) 89