Catherine Earnshaw Linton Whose Depiction
uthering Heights is Emily Brontë's only novel. Written between October 1845 and June 1846, Wuthering Heights was published in 1847 under the pseudonym "Ellis Bell"; Brontë died the following year, aged 30.As women’s rights begun to progress during the last century so did their role in society. But, prior 19th century women were expected to behave a certain way and were not allowed to have certain jobs. Their responsibility was to take care of their family, as a wife and a mother, and the household. Outside of home they did not have a real significance as they were discouraged to pursue their education and expected to be just mothers, serve their husband, and be submissive and loyal to them.However, both Wuthering Heights by Bronte and The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber by Hemingway portrait women as unusual from the time written as they do not conform to the stereotypical female roles. Female character of the above mentioned works, with their attributed characteristics make women play a huge role in how the stories unfold and also makes them central to the text’s meaning.
In the novel of Emily Bronte, Wuthering Heights the author makes females one of the main themes and assigns them specific characteristics/traits that challenge the stereotypes of the 1800s. One of the main female characters is Catherine Earnshaw Linton whose depiction throughout the novel makes her take a central role on the developing & ending of the literature. She has this headstrong behaviour, impetuousness, passion and arrogance at times. She is also described as charming, speaking her mind, carefree and most importantly wild, traits which are not found in other females at the time written. Her stubbornness is the main reason of the conflict of the story as she insists on having two man at a time, her true love,Heathcliff and her rich husband, Edgar. Catherine different from women at the time is unfaithful to her husband and even to her own self for not choosing her soulmate (Heathcliff) to marry to, instead of Edgar Linton, who is well respected from the society mainly because of his high social class. She does not want to face the reality and accept the fact that she has to choose only one man, nevertheless according to her of the two man in her life fulfil different functions/purposes and make her feel complete. At the end her passion/love for her other half , Heathcliff , led her to make him her choice even though “falling in his arms” was not accepted by the society, as Heathcliff was poor and dark-skinned ( different from others). However, even though her love for this poor man would break the social norms of the time period written she describes their relationship /connection such as “ My love for Heathcliffresembles the eternal rocks beneath: a source of little visible delight, but necessary. I am Heathcliff!”, which means they are “one” and he is necessary to her being. All the decisions made by this significant female character ; from her deciding to marry Linton, which was a turning point of the plot(as H leaves the town), to her desire to maintain both man( the climax ) and her following her heart/feelings by choosing H (resolution), and lastly to her sad ending love/life story, all had a significant role to the crises, rising tension, climax and the ending of the story. Once again her role, led by her special traits depicted by the author gave central meaning to this novel and did challenge the social norms of the century written.
Meanwhile, Isabella another female character on Wuthering Heights is often portrayed as immature, spoiled and naive. Analyzingher childhood on the Grange(her home, a quiet and sophisticated place)no one would think she would become a strong lady and act courageously when she needed to, but during the time she was in Wuthering Heights (her husband’s house,unfriendly environment) she proved otherwise. Her tragedy begins because of her lack of a suspicious mind. Raised in an upper-class family, not knowing any other men apart from her father and brother, she falls in love with Heathcliff, without knowing who he is, and even refusing to listen to Catherine’s advice that he is “an unreclaimed creature, without refinement,