White Fang

Many sayings tell that love is what we live for and is truly the most

important things in our life. Love is the most effectively remedy to

heal the wound. Love is the only power that makes an enemy become your

lover, makes the bad become the good. In the novel “White Fang”

written by Jack London, the love between White Fang (a wild wolf dog)

and his master (Scott) has reached the heart of many readers. It is

the true love of Scott that made a wild and violent White Fang become

a loyal domestic dog, which is considered as a huge development of

White Fang. This paper was conducted to analysis of this

transformation in Part 4 Chapter 6 with clear evidence from the novel.

Key words: White Fang, love, development

  1. Weedon Scott’s kindness – which made White Fang

First and foremost, Scott shows his love for White Fang by feeding him

and talking to him in a gentle voice.

After having bitten Scott, White Fang had a thought that he would be

given severe punishment or at least something terrible. The reason is

that, all of his previous masters always expelled him whenever he made

a mistake, which lets White Fang think that Scott is not an exception.

He was so convinced of this idea that it raises a rhetorical question

in his mind: “How could it be otherwise?” This rhetorical question is

asked to lay emphasis on his thinking of being punished by Scott.

To his surprise, his new master seemed not to pay any attention to his

fault. “White Fang could see nothing dangerous in that… Besides, this

god had no club, no whip, no firearm. And furthermore, he himself was

free. No chain nor stick bound him.” Looking Scott in this situation,

White Fang had a feeling of security, which he could not have when

living with his old masters.

Not only did Scott forgive the wild dog for his mistakes, he also

tossed him some pieces of meat. Although White Fang growled lowly,

Scott still used a soft and gentle voice to talk to him. At the

beginning, the wolf-dog “pricked up his ears and investigated it

suspiciously, managing to look at the same time both at the meat and

the god”. Nevertheless, the hunger made him to eat the meat. “He ate

the meat, and nothing happened. Piece by piece, he ate all the meat,

and nothing happened. Still the punishment delayed”. This parallelism

used in these sentences adds balance and rhythm to those as well as

help to express White Fang’s thought in a smoother flow and thus

persuasiveness. It can be explained that White Fang’s behavior and

emotion at that time result from violence that he had been

experienced. Having been tamed with brutal and cruel rules, this

wolf-dog gradually no longer believed in human. Moreover, at no time

was White Fang treated humanely, he had a tendency to be cautious and

suspicious about kindness.

In addition, Scott’s kindness to White Fang is shown in his desire for

redeeming mankind in the old wolf. He believed that helping White Fang

“was a matter of principle and conscience” because “…He felt that the

ill done White Fang was a debt incurred by man and that it must be

paid”. Though White Fang, at that time, was not close or loyal to

Scott, and even bite him, this master still decided to especially care

about this Fighting Wolf day by day, for the hope that the old wolf

could find himself and become a better in one day. It can be inferred

from this point that Scott is such a tolerant and kindhearted master

that made massive changes in White Fang later.

  1. White Fang’s love, devotion and loyalty to Scott

  2. 1 Changes in White Fang’s awareness – White Fang and “Love”

After having been looked after humanely by Scott, White Fang's

fondness for his master slowly transforms into love. He even regards

him as "love-master." “White Fang himself began to grow aware of it,

though in his consciousness he knew not what love was… At such times

love was a joy to him, a wild, keen-thrilling satisfaction. But when

away from his god, the pain and the unrest returned” White Fang

realized that it was Scott, who was “a warm and radiant god”, lighted

the nature in him.

“This was a god indeed, a love-god, a warm and radiant god, in whose

light White Fang’s nature expanded as a flower expands under the sun.”

That simile image “flower expands under the sun” is intended to

compare the expansion of Fighting Wolf’s nature with flower blooming,

to reinforce the beauty and vitality of White Fang.

White Fang demonstrates his adoration and love for Scott by dutifully

working for him as a guard dog and a sled dog. ‘Thus, in the early

morning, instead of roaming and foraging, or lying in a sheltered

nook, he would wait for hours on the cheerless cabin stoop for a sight

of the god’s face. At night, when the god returned home, White Fang

would leave the warm sleeping place he had burrowed in the snow in

order to receive the friendly snap of fingers and the word of

greeting”

However, the old wolf-dog had some difficulties in expressing his love

to his new master. White Fang is naturally a wild animal; moreover,

“…he was too old, too firmly moulded,…he was too self-possessed, too

strongly poised in his own isolation. Too long had he cultivated

reticence, aloofness, and moroseness.” Thus, it is a task of challenge

for him to learn how to bark a welcome when meeting his master, though

he wanted to do it to express his love. Therefore, whenever Scott

looked at him and spoke to him, his behavior expressed the awkward

self-consciousness, which was caused by the struggle of his love to

express itself and his physical inability to express it.

2.2 White Fang’s devotion and loyalty

The love of White Fang gradually becomes the loyalty and devotion,

which is especially shown in the last part of Chapter 6, when the

master disappeared and came back.

When Scott disappeared

White Fang's worry over Scott shows his deep love and devotion to his

new master. This showcase of love displays his domestication.

In the late spring, Scott leaves on a trip, without warning White

Fang. He worries over his master's disappearance. The old wolf-dog

waited for the master all of that night, did not dare to sleep and

“his ears keyed for the first sound of the familiar step”. Two days

come and go, Scott did not return. White Fang's love and devotion for

Scott is so great that he becomes sick. “White Fang had ceased eating,

lost heart, and allowed every dog of the team to thrash him. In the

cabin he lay on the floor near the stove, without interest in food, in

Matt, nor in life”. This image of White Fang is completely different

from the “previous White Fang”. In the past, rarely did this wolf let

other dogs thrash him or worry about someone. Moreover, his

descriptive image of White Fang with “dull eyes” and “drop his back on

his forepaws” also creates the sadness when he was far from his

beloved master, which professes the pure love of a wild wolf.

When Scott returned

When Scott returned, White Fang expressed much greater love and

devotion for his master.

To begin with, this love is displayed in his sensitivity. Despite not

having seen the master in person, White Fang knew that his beloved

Scott was returning. His lips were moving and “mumbled sound, his ears

was cocking toward the door and he was listening intently”. A moment

later, Scott appeared. Many believe that the love of White Fang

spending for Scott was so great that he can realize the familiar step

of Scott.

This deep love is also expressed in the image “the tail” and “the

head”. After realizing the master had returned, White Fang “wag his

tail” and exchange strange eyes with Scott, which contains “an

incommunicable vastness of feeling, rose up into his eyes as a light

and shone forth”. Besides, he let Scott snuggle and touch his head. As

mentioned above, White Fang was naturally a wild wolf, which rarely

wags its tail and lets others touch their body. Also, this old

wolf-dog hated to have his head touched for fear of hurt and of the

trap. He had to considered Scott as a such a special man so that he

could do all of these things. Thus, it is concluded that the love,

devotion and loyalty of White Fang is so great that successfully

reached the heart of readers.

IV. Literacy devices

Apart from some stylistic devices shown above, personification and

symbolism also play an important role in the success of the chapter.

Personification

Throughout the chapter, the author utilizes the personification method

by describing White Fang with characteristic and behavior possessed

human qualities. For example:

“White Fang soon learned to differentiate between thieves and honest

men, to appraise the true value of step and carriage…”

“White Fang himself began to grow aware of it, though in his

consciousness he knew not what love was.”“The one thing of which he had always been particularly jealous, was his head”