Al Abbas Ibn Abdal Muttalib
Maymuna bint al-Harith (RA) was born in 594 AD. Her parents were Haris al-Halalia and Hind bint auf. She was not born with the name “Maymuna” her birth name was actually Barrah. Maymuna had a big family that consisted of nine sisters. She had one full sister and eight half-sisters, Layla, Huzayla, Azza. Mahmiyah ibn Jazi al-Zubaydi, Asma bint Umays Salma bint Umays) and Awn ibn Umays and Zaynab bint Khuzayma
Because of this Maymuna was considered one of the 'Ahlul- Bayt' , 'the people of the House', not only due to the fact that she was a wife of the Prophet Muhamed, but because she was also related to him through her brother in law Al Abbas ibn Abdal Muttalib. Zayd bin Arqam related that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, "I implore you by Allah! The People of my House!" three times. Zayd asked who the People of the House are, and he said, "The family of Ali ibn Abi Talib, the family of Jafar ibn Abi Talib, the family Aqil ibn Abi Talib, and the family of Al Abbas ibn Abdal Muttalib."
Maymuna was actually married twice before she married Prophet Muhamad (sallahu alaihi wa salam). Her first marriage was to Masood ind amr ibn Umain al thaqifi after he divorced her, she married Abu Rahm bin Abdul Uzza then he died and Maymuna was left a widow Al- Abbas her sister Umm fadl’s husband and uncle of the Prophet saw that Maymuna was a widow and did not want her to remain that way. Especially because she was an older woman.
Al-Abbas went to the prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and told him about his idea for the proposal of marriage to Maymuna. The Prophet (SAWS) accepted his offer, and they were married in the month of Shawwal in 7 AH. The wedding was held in a place called Sarf ten miles from Mecca. Maymuna married the Prophet Muhamad when she was 50 years old. It is believed that the following ayat was sent about her, Any believing woman who dedicates herself to the Prophet if the Prophet wishes to wed her, that is only for thee and not for the believers. (Quran 33:50)
At the wedding there were many people attending. They were the relatives both of Maymuna and of the Prophet Muhamad (saws.)They were both muslims and non-muslims, this was because of the truce of Hudaybiyya. Some of the people who attended were the greatest enemies of the Prophet.When they saw the way which the Prophet (saws) acted and spoke a light went into their hearts.
The prophet (saws) and his companions left Sarf and began their journey back to medina. Then, a young man rose from the people of Quraysh a gave a very stirring speech. He said to his people “listen O people the Prophet Muhamad (saws) is not a magician as alleged by the Makkans.He says what is revealed to him by Allah subhana wa taallah, He is a true messenger of Allah.”
Suddenly, in front of everyone that was there the young man embraced Islam. The young man was none other than the nephew of Maymuna Khalid ibn Waleed.
Maymuna was the last wife of the prophet (SAWS). Their marriage took place right after the Muslims were finally allowed to visit Mecca under the treaty of Hudaybiyya to perform umrah. It was right after their marriage that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) changed Barra’s name to Maymuna which literal definition means “blessed.”
Maymuna was very good natured and respected everyone around her. She, like all of the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was a very god-fearing woman. Aisha bint Abu-Bakr mother of the believers said that ‘Among us (the wives of the Prophet), she had the most fear of Allah and did the most to maintain ties of kinship. It is from her merits that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, testified that she and her sisters Maymuna, Umm Alfadl, Salma and Asmaa are the believing sisters.” (Sheikh Abdullah Faisal.)Aisha bint Abu-Bakr also said that Maymuna Had a great regard for the rights of her family, she was known also for freeing slaves and praying for them upon their release. She was fond of reforming women and making sure that the women stuck to the book and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhamad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
Maymuna was a very wise and knowledgeable person. Thu ulamah were very impressed with her,Ibn al-Jawzi says that our mother Maymuna narrated 30 or more hadith on behalf of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) If youlook at all six of the authentic hadeeth books you’ll find that Maymuna narrated 31 hadeeth in total.
“Her nephew Ibn Abbas (who was one of the most knowledgeable Muslims in religious issues) visited her once with his hair uncombed, so she asked him why he didn’t comb his hair, he said that his wife was menstruating. She told him the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, would enter the house of his menstruating wife and would lean on her or sit on her lap and recite verses from the holy Quran.” (Sheikh Abdullah Faisal) She once knew that her nephew would not sleep in the same bed beside his wife when she was menstruating so she told him that this was not what the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, would do when any of his wives was menstruating.
Maymuna also narrated the following hadeeth: The Prophet Muhamad ( SAWS)wasvery sad one morning and Maymunah said : "O Messenger of Allah, you look upset today., He said: 'Jibril, peace be upon him, had promised to meet me last night but he did not come, and by Allah, he never failed to keep an appointment, the day passed, then he thought of a puppy that was beneath a table of ours. He ordered that it be taken out, and then he took some water in his hand and sprinkled it over the place where it had been. That evening, Jibril, peace be upon him, came and met him. The Messenger of Allah said to him: 'You [promised to meet me last night, He said: 'Yes, but we do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a picture, the next day the Messenger of Allah Commanded that dogs be killed."(Sahih) [Sunan an-Nasa'i: English translation: Vol. 5, Book 42, Hadith 4288]
It was in Maymuna’s room that the Prophet Muhamad (SAWS) began to feel sick, he asked her permission to stay with his other wife Aisha bint Abu Bakr while it lasted. Maymuna agreed and the Prophet left and died as what he had felt were the effects of his final illness the one that would lead to his death.
After the Prophet Muhamad’s (SAWS) death, Maymuna lived in Medina for another forty years before she died when she was eighty or eighty one years old. She asked to be buried in Sarf the Place where she married the Prophet (SAWS) and her request was carried out. It is reported that Ibn Abbas said, “Do not shake her and be tender with her she is my mother.”