Turabian Style Guide

This is an electronic template for papers written in Turabian style based on A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers (Turabian manual).The purpose of this template is to help the student set the format and organization of the title page, body, and bibliography for a paper. For help with writing, refer to The Elements of Style.Margins are set at 1 inch for top, bottom, left, and right. The type is left-justified only—that means the left margin is straight, but the right margin is ragged. Each paragraph is indented 0.5 inch. It is best to use the tab key to indent. The line spacing is double throughout the paper, except for block quotations, table titles, and figure captions. Footnotes, bibliography entries, and elements of a table of contents should be single spaced with a blank line between entries. One space is used after punctuation at the end of each sentence. The font style used in the text and the bibliography is Times New Roman and the font size is 12. Footnotes are automatically set at Times New Roman size 10. All pages except the title page should have a header with page number flush right. Other identifiers such as student's last name, date, draft, etc. may be required.

The title of the paper is centered at the top of the page in boldface and in title case or headline style (i.e., capitalize the first word, the last word, and all major words in between). Double-space the title and all subheadings if more than one line and leave a double-space line below it. Other format considerations for subheadings are described below.

First-Level Subheading

The subheading above would be used if you want to divide your paper into sections based on content. This is the first level of subheading, and it is centered and boldface with each major word in headline or title case capitalization. See the Turabian Style Guide for specifics on what words are not capitalized. The subheading should be a short descriptor of the section. Note that not all papers will have subheadings in them. Do not end a subheading with a period, and put more space before a subheading than after. Do not leave a subheading by itself at the bottom of a page with no text after it.

Second-Level Subheading

The subheading above would be used only if there were more than one subsection within the topic labeled in the first-level subheading. If not, incorporate the text as paragraphs under the first-level subheading. The second-level subheading is centered, not boldface, regular font, and with headline-style capitalization.

Third-Level Subheading.

Third level of subheadings would be used only if there were more than one subsections within the topic labeled in the second-level subheading. If not, incorporate the text as paragraphs under the second-level subheading. It is left-justified, not boldface, italics, and with headline-style capitalization. Turabian dictates that you should avoid having more than three levels of headings. Thus, this template does not provide formatting for levels after the third level.

When you are ready to write, and after having read these instructions completely, you can type over these directions. The formatting should stay the same. However, if you paste any text such as a quote from an online article, use the Keep Text Only option that looks like a capital A. One item that you will have to change is the page header, which is placed at the top of each page along with the page number. Your instructor may provide directions as to what information should be typed in the header besides your name and page number. Double click on the words in the page header to edit the words. You should not have to edit the page numbers, as the pagination is preset in the template.

Block Quotations

Quotations of five or more lines are presented as block quotations. Introduce a block quotation in your own words to provide context for the quotation, and then format the block quote according to the following directions from the Turabian manual:

Single space a block quotation, and leave a blank line before and after it. Do not add quotation marks at the beginning or end, but preserve any quotation marks in the original. Indent the entire quotation as far as you indent the first line of a paragraph….

If you quote more than one paragraph, do not add extra line space between them, but indent the first line of the second and subsequent paragraphs farther than the rest of the quotation.

Turabian Style Guide and Manual

In addition to spacing and organization, Turabian style includes a special way of citing resource articles. For papers, footnotes are used instead of in-text parenthetical citations. Use the Insert Footnote tool in Word's Reference tab. This will automatically format the footnotes. However, you will need to manually insert a period and unsuperscipt each footnote number at the bottom of the page and manually insert a blank single-spaced line between each footnote. See the Turabian Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center, and the Turabian manual for instructions on how to do this and other specific formatting requirements for footnotes and bibliographic entries. The Turabian Style Guide also has guidance and examples regarding mechanics (numbers, abbreviations, punctuation, capitalization, names, and quotations). The Turabian manual has essential information about researching and writing in Part I that is not in the Turabian Style Guide.Although format and organization rules for a Turabian paper are used in this template, the purpose of the template is to provide a tool to make it easier for students to organize and format their writing assignments, not to provide exhaustive guidance on writing or Turabian style. Students should refer to the Turabian Style Guide, locatedin the Student Success Center, for more specific writing guidance and formatting requirements. Students may also refer to the Turabian manual for complete criteria. For a demonstration of how to use this template, GCU has prepared a Turabian Style Tutorial, also available in the Student Success Center.


The bibliography of sources cited in alphabetical order should appear at the end of a paper (see last page). A bibliography provides a list of sources that were cited in the paper or influenced the thinking of the writer. Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your bibliography, except for the following, unless they are key references and/or cited frequently: newspaper articles, classical works, biblical works, reference works, reviews, abstracts, pamphlets, unpublished works, public documents, and blog or social network posts. Also, sources that were important to your thinking but which were not specifically cited in your text can be included in the bibliography. A sample bibliography page is included below. See the Turabian Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center, for more examples.