Emotional Intelligence Provide Athlete



2.0 Introduction

This chapter presented a literature review that concerning a critical look at existing research that has significance on the study. Literature review is done by consulting other researcher work in order to understand and investigate the problem of the study. This review is important for the researcher to suggest ideas that have been established in this study.

2.1 Emotional Intelligence (EI)

Emotion has been describe as the feeling of fear, sad, anger and happiness. It also include the part of person’s character during daily lifestyle. By using the emotion, person’s be able to show their expression toward other people. Based on previous study, they have said that how the emotional influence the athlete sport performance.

A leader must have the essential skills about how to handle emotions correctly by recognize either it’s positive or negative emotions (Dave et al., 2017). The person’s that have this essential skills would be easy to manage their own self-control and build good relations with other. This ability is called as emotional intelligence. Researcher at South Australian Sports Institute, in conjunction with Swinburne University, has investigated that emotional intelligence provide athlete with an understanding of specific emotional competencies and the awareness about how to use emotions in sport (Dave et al., 2017).

The role of emotional intelligence been studies that individual with better emotional intelligence would perform with greater success than individual who have less dealing with emotions. The reason is that person already adapt with the situation and mentally tough during the practice session and competition. Person’s that have the ability of essential skills easily handle their emotions with capable to change their emotional states and learning how to change emotion through requires of performance (Mathivanan & Chileshe, 2013).

According to the (Rutkowska & Bergier, 2015), the coach should give the special attention to their athlete about how to development and improve the emotional intelligence skills. Individual’s is freely to use their emotions and knowledge during competition and recognize the effectiveness of adaptation in social and sports life. Based on (Dimick, 2017) have proved that emotional intelligence programmes would increased the person’s productivity on different fields of human activities and it can develop through practicing and use it to achieving success.

2.2 Component of emotional intelligence

For the athlete there have several component to look which is self-awareness, self-regulation, social skill, motivation and empathy. To measure the emotional intelligence athlete needs to improve this essential skills during practising. The first component of emotional intelligence is self-awareness. According to Female Coaching Network (2017), self-aware is involve having knowledge and perception of one’s own. The person that has self-awareness is aware with their own strength and weakness because it can help the athletes to build self-confidence and self-esteem.

Next sub component is self regulation. Self regulation describe by authors as the ability of person’s to control the response to stress, maintain focus by doing his job and ability interpret the mental states (Daniela, 2015). People usually learned how to control their self regulation based on the experienced they have. Based on Sport Psychologist in Stonebridge College (2015), they have mentioned that the motivation to be best comes from the mental attitude towards training session, long term goals, their coach and also team mates. Coach and team mates is the person that can easily assess the athlete to motivate them achieve specific goals.

Empathy is about the capacity of individual observe to engage a state similar to the state of another individual. Based on this studies, researcher want to investigate the perception-action-emotion are linked with individual and intergroup settings (Sevdalis & Raab, 2014). Finally is a social skill. A social skill is about how the athlete improve their ability to communicate well and interaction with others. Social psychology does research related to social skill and study how individual learned skill through attitude, behaviour and thinking.